Spondylolisthesis is condition that occurs when one vertebra of the spine slips forward over another vertebrae above or below it. It can occur anywhere along the spine, but is most often seen in the lumbar spine.
Symptoms resulting from spondylolisthesis can be varied depending upon the location of the injury. The most common symptom is pain in the area of the injury. If the forward slippage causes a compression of a nerve root the nerve can become inflamed and irritated. This will result in pain the lumbar or cervical spine and leg pain or arm pain. In the more advanced cases, a deformity may become visible as the curvature of the spine is increased. This often results in more complex problems such as mobility and breathing.
Spondylolisthesis can be caused by several factors. The majority of cases occur when the joints that allow the spine to bend forward (facet joints) wear over time and with age causing them to become weaker. This weakness will allow one vertebra to slip over another.
In other cases, subjecting to spine to a sudden or repeated force may cause spondylolisthesis. Adolescent athletes that perform repetitive hyperextension may be at increased risk for spondylolisthesis. Furthermore, athletes whose sport requires shock absorption by the legs and feet may also develop this condition. Those involved in gymnastics, cheerleading and other acrobatics often have a higher risk for this injury.
If you, or someone you love, have been suffering from neck or back pain, New Jersey Spinal Medicine and Surgery can help. Contact us today to discuss treatment options. Our goal at New Jersey Spinal Medicine and Surgery is to get you back to a healthy and active lifestyle.